New Image.JPG
Aici poate fi textul referitor la autor
STUDENT'S PLACE

STUDENT'S PLACE

Cantina, club,
SALA DE SPORT

SALA DE SPORT

locul destinat miscarii
Biserica

Biserica

locul unde te reculegi inainte de examene
Sighet

Sighet

aplicatie 2008
prislop

prislop

aplicatie 2008
la manastiri

la manastiri

muzeu

muzeu

sapanta

sapanta

baia mare

baia mare

barsana

barsana

FACULTATEA DE ISTORIE, RELAŢII INTERNAŢIONALE, ŞTIINŢE POLITICE ŞI ŞTIINŢELE COMUNICĂRII

ANALELE
UNIVERSITĂŢII DIN ORADEA
ISTORIE – ARHEOLOGIE
TOM XIX
2009

CONTENT

LENGYEL György, OPERATIONAL SCHEMAS IN THE UPPER PALAEOLITHIC AND EPIPALAEOLITHIC OF RAQEFET CAVE, p. 5

Abstract - The cultural sequence of Raqefet presents three fundamental operational schemes. Scheme 1 shows that raw material nodules (bold lines) are used for blade and bladelet debitages. In Scheme 2, raw material nodules are used for flake, blade and bladelet debitages. Scheme 3, almost the hybrid of scheme 1 and 3, shows that raw material nodules are introduced into flake, blade and bladelet debitages. These schemes can be recognized in lithic industries of other Levantine sites studied from similar aspects. The sequences show that the lithic production system of this industry is based on laminar, especially on bladelet manufacture. In the bladelet production heat treatment of pre-cores seem to have been applied in order to change physical conditions of flints. Compared to the other Epipalaeolithic industries, this is the only one that performed significant flake debitage. Raqefet cave is situated on the southeastern side of Mount Carmel in North Israel, in a wadi of NW-SE direction, at an altitude of 230 m above sea level and approximately 50 m above the wadi (Olami, 1984).

Keywords: Southern Levant, schema, palaeolithic, levantine, geometric

Florin SFRENGEU, HUNGARIANS’ MIGRATIONS TO PANNONIAN FIELD IN THE LIGHT OF THE RESEARCHES IN THE SOUTHERN POLAND, p. 13

Abstract - This paper presents the causes which led to the migration of the Hungarians from the Don region to the Tisa Plain and Pannonia at the end of the 9th century and the way they followed through Ukraine and the Southern Poland. They present the archaeological discoveries in this region that confirm the old Latin-Hungarian and Russian chronicles, that show that the way followed by Hungarians in their migration was done through the path Verecke in the Wooden Carpathians.

Keywords: Hungarians, migration, Byzantin , archaeological, discoveries

TÓTH Péter, PECHENEG – HUNGARIAN RECONCILIATION AFTER THE DEFEAT AT RIADE, p. 23

Abstract - The defeat at Riade did have two consequences: on the one hand, the loss of regular taxes through the reduction of the areas suitable for plundering, and the possibility of a German revenge campaign on the other, which might as well have had fatal consequences in the case if Henry could find allies in the back of the Hungarians. Consequently, Hungarian diplomacy had a double task to solve: it had to find new territories for tax collection and plundering, and the country had to be secured particularly from the west but in general, as well.

Keywords: Pecheneg, Hungarian, cooperation, Riade, reconciliation


Sever DUMITRAŞCU, Mirela VESA , «POS DEI HISTORIAN SYNGRAPHEIN», p. 31

Abstract - The authors present concisely the work of Ion Horaţiu Crişan (1928-1994), a scientific researcher at the Institute of History from Cluj, the Institute of History and Archaeology and the Institute of Archaeology and History of Art, respectively. He has profoundly studied the Dacian people civilization and culture, becoming one of the well-known researchers in this domain. The archeologist from Cluj published a monograph that has opened roads, has raised and will raise problems in the Romanian and European historiography: Burebista şi epoca sa (Burebista and His Time), Bucharest, 1977, 531 p. The broad horizon of the researcher was always “curbed” by diggings and field researches (Fântânele, Cugir) and we are referring to his special contributions reporting on the health issues in antiquity, to the delivery of the Roman civilization encyclopedia and of the archaeological repertoire of Cluj County.

Keywords: archeology, Dacians, research, civilization, Cluj


Alexandru SIMION, NOTES ON JOHN HUNYADI’S ACTIONS AND IMAGES, p. 35

Abstract - Sources, edited or still confined to the boundaries of archives and libraries, are not as gene-rous with John Hunyadi as they are with his younger son or with his nephew. This is one of the major reasons for which it will be difficult to offer in the near future, at least, a solid and extensive perspective on his life. This is also why several questions and debates will subsist. A few of them, more or less grounded, are ‘listed’ in this short paper, in close connection especially to the controversial battle of Belgrade in late July 1456 which made John Hunyadi’s final glory.


Keywords: John Hunyadi, Mehmed II, Belgrade, crusade, medieval


Mihai GEORGIŢĂ, UNWONTED CELESTIAL PHENOMENA AND BAROQUE SENSIBILITY IN THE CARPATHIAN AREA, p. 53

Abstract - The oldest societies percieved the celestial anomalies with fright and terror. The comets, the meteorites, the suns - and the world darkness, referred from the oldest time to the fear that appeared after sky got darkened, and they became bad omen foretells records. The baroque was both a cultural movement, as well as a life style with its own collective mentality. The main feature of the baroque epoch is the tragedy. In these circumstances the celestial anomalies appeared to be terrifying. During the Renaissance the occult sciences, the astrology, and various predictions of the end of the world were developed, which was an opportunity for the astrologers to make a connection between the unusual celestial phenomena and the events from the Revelation Book.
This study presents the way people, Romanians and others alike, had interpreted these phenomena, and the way the fear of comets, meteorites, sun and moon eclipses, etc. were understood in the baroque epoch.

Keywords: celestial phenomena, baroque, charpatian, terror, astrology


BODO Edith, THE BIHOR COUNTY RURAL WORLD AFTER THE THERESIAN URBARIAL SETTLEMENT, p. 81

Abstract - The urbarial settlement of 1767 was the apogee of the Theresian policy of protecting the peasantry. It had a great impact on the serfdom, especially at the psychological level. Although the amount of the liabilities was set in some cases at higher levels than before, by the fact that these obligations were regulated and the state assumed the responsibility of the guarantor of its applications created for the peasant household the premise to overrun its condition until then. The serf has understood that the relationship between him and his master depends no longer on the wishes of the last; from now on the tasks must be kept in the determined amount and, in the case of some irregularities he can be brought in front of the throne through the urbarial process. Thus the peasant becomes surer by himself and gets an increased confidence for state pushing him to be more interested in his own household.

Keywords: urbarial , serfdom, domain, master, obligation

Adrian Dumitru DUME, SYMBOLOGY OF WINE, p. 87

Abstract - The communication describes the symbolism of wine in the Mediterranean but made references to the civilizations of the marginal space. Another survey will be aspects of the wine ritual among Civilizations Hellenistic and Roman then walk through the Jewish branch role of wine in Christianity. V-man talk in short passages role socialization wine, its relationship with the woman or joint and several references to the role of wine in the important events in both human life and of society overall.

Keywords: wine, symbol, history, Christianity, anthropology

Emilia Adina GALE, THE PRIEST AND THE MEDICINE-WOMAN BY THE SUFFERINGS’ BED, p. 99

Abstract - In every rural community from 18th and 19th centuries exists a wise-woman (we will call her “medicine-woman”) who has the ability to cure people with her incantations like prayers, spells, actions or medicinal herbs. She and the priest are first people called to stay beside the person which is in sickness. The presence of the priest by the bed of the ill persons is necessary and obligatory because everybody must confess all his sins and must get the absolution so that his soul be forgiven and accede to Heaven. Each of them has his own methods to cure the body and the soul of the one who is sick. This crucial moment – the sickness – is a very good example for the way how magic and religion interknit, without that the folks have the conscience that they are doing something wrong. Magic and religion have in this situation a therapeutic role.

Keyword: medicine, woman, priest, magic, religion

Vasile TODORICI, THE CULTURAL CONCERNS OF THE STUDYING YOUTH FROM THE ACADEMY OF LAW OF ORADEA HELD IN THE SOCIETY OF READING, p. 109

Abstract - Taking up a rich and varied edited and unedited documentary information the author reconstructs - in the present study - the cultural concerns of the studying youth from the Academy of Law of Oradea, held in the Society of Reading, since its creation until 1875, when the activity of the society was prohibited by the Hungarian authorities, who saw in its activity a potential danger for the policy of forced Hungarianizing of the Romanians - promoted from Budapest.

Keywords: Oradea, society, education, national, culture

Mihai D. DRECIN, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE ROMANIAN – SLOVAK BANKING RELATIONS UNTIL 1918, p. 133

Abstract - Based on information from the “Economic Review” published in Sibiu, the first Romanian journal of the dualist epoch’s Transylvania specialized on financial - banking issues, they emphasize a few moments of the cooperation of the Romanian and Slovak banks during the period of the years 1908 to 1910.
It results that between the Romanian - Slovak banking activity and the political one there have been close connections. The Romanian and Slovak “Neo activism” at the early 20th century was based on financing the banks with national capital, the Slovak and Romanian political leaders being directly involved in the banking activity as shareholders, officers or directors of banks.

Keywords: banks, Romanians, Slovaks, economics, politics

Ion ZAINEA, PUBLICATIONS AND ROMANIAN PUBLICISTS IN BIHOR COUNTY FROM THE EARLY (1854) UNTIL 1918, p. 137

Abstract - The Romanians’ publicistic activity in the former Bihor Committee, under foreign dominion, affiliates itself in the efforts of the Romanian population of Transylvania to manifest its spiritual availabilities, in spite of some unfavourable circumstances. Especially worth noting is what the Romanians from the province at the western extremity of the earth inhabited by Romanians, more exposed here to the denationalization tendencies, have done, under this report. Taking as example the literary societies from Blaj and Cluj, the Romanians from Oradea, then Beiuş, acted to edit some manuscript “sheets”, the first of these, that of Oradea, having the title up significantly Deşteaptă-te Române, and that of Beiuş, Muza română, which have become important means of cultural and political affirmation. Beginning with the manuscript “sheets” they’ve got to edit some reviews with various profiles, including as notable the magazine Familia of Oradea, which have partially substituted the absence of some newspapers and become real tribunes of battle to defend the language, the historical traditions and the rights of the Romanian people. This publicistic practice had been experienced by the members of the Reading Society as part of the Law Academy from Oradea, and by those of the “Samuil Vucan” Society from the gymnasium with the same name in Beiuş. Among the initiators, there are notable Iustin Popfiu, professor of Romanian language, a known poet and journalist, Alexandru Roman, Partenie Cosma and, especially, Iosif Vulcan, through what he has made of the Familia magazine in the Oradea city’s landscape and in that of the Romania’s, in general. The first Romanian newspaper, Tribuna Bihorului, George Tulbure being its editor, appeared at the end of 1918, in the context created by the Romanian popular actions, which culminated with the Great National Assembly in Alba Iulia, on 1st of December 1918.

Keywords: publications, publicists, literary, manuscripts, Bihor

Radu ROMÎNAŞU, THE UNIFICATION OF BESSARABIA AND TRANSYLVANIA WITH ROMANIA REFLECTED IN THE PAGES OF THE MAGAZINE „CELE TREI CRIŞURI” (1920-1943), p. 147

Abstract - The magazine Cele Trei Crişuri together with other Romanian similar publications in Bihor County had firmly acted to promote the national unitary state and the idea of Romanian culture in an area where the minority culture – of Hungarian and Jewish expression - remained in the frames of the united Romania, well developed and represented. The articles relating the unification of Bessarabia and Transylvania with the homeland - mom, published with lot of perseverance by the editorial staff of the magazine until the years of 1935, were placed on a national background, a natural fact and also necessary, if we consider that after the moment of 1918 Romania had to “burn the stages” of its historical evolution, for a fast connection from a political, social, economic and cultural point of view to the European realities of the event. This could happen only from the national perspective, by promoting the national ideas which could predict the compliance with the time requirements.

Keywords: unification, national, interwar, magazine, articles

Lilian ZAMFIROIU, DIPLOMAT RAFFAELE GUARIGLIA’S MEMOIR REGARDING THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE RATIFICATION BY ITALY OF THE TREATY ON BESSARABIA (OF 28th OCTOBER 1920), p. 155

Abstract - The author examines the contents of a Memoir (that is also published in Appendix, translated into Romanian) elaborated by the Italian diplomat Raffaele Guariglia, to serve the Mussolini’s cabinet in order to ratify the treaty on Bessarabia (20th October 1920). It is a review, from the Italian perspective, of the fact that it was necessary to perform the ratification - by Italy, too (after Great Britain and France) - of this Treaty. There’s to be noted the rigor and prudence with which this issue is presented, emphasising the attitude of Italy (during 1920-1926), its concerns not to affect the Italian-Soviet trade relations and the obligation to give effect to a commitment (under signature) that was taken to Paris in 1920. This time, too is made evident the fact that the decisional act of the Italian government was based on an interest of its, regarding the cultivation of the image of a favourable Italy among the Romanian public opinion and in the direction to decrease the impact on some countries like the Soviet Union, Turkey, Great Britain, France and Yugoslavia. It is necessary to mention the intentions of the Italian part to get some economic benefits in its relations with Romania and to counterbalance the effects of the same nature, in case of the Soviet Union, which had made pressure on Italy not to ratify the treaty of Bessarabia. The memoir in question (which enters now the historiographic circuit) is an exception documentary testimony about the concerns of the Italian diplomacy to achieve a benefit as large as possible (in the relations with Romania) by ratifying the Treaty on Bessarabia and losses as low as possible in the diplomatic external range, but also in the economic one (especially in the relations with the Soviet Union). For the Romanian historiography this memoir provides clarifications (necessary) on the position of Italy.

Keywords: Bessarabia, Italy, diplomacy, memoir, interwar

Mihaela GOMAN, ASPECTS OF CONSTANTIN DAICOVICIU’S ACTIVITY AS A SECRETARY OF THE HISTORICAL MONUMENTS COMMISSION – THE SECTION FOR TRANSYLVANIA AND MARGINED LANDS (C.M.I.T.), p. 161

Abstract - Personality of mark of the Transylvanian Romanian archaeology Constantin Daicoviciu imposed early in the scientific life through functions which have honoured and enshrined him in equal measure. One of them was that of secretary of the Historical Monuments Commission – the Section for Transylvania and margined lands (H.M.C.T), where for nearly two decades (1921-1940) helped to save numerous historical and art monuments, some of them the result of own archaeological researches.

Keywords: commission, yearbook, secretary, history, monument

Monica POP, THE FOUNDATION OF THE ANGLO-ROMANIAN SOCIETY IN LONDON AND ITS ACTIVITY TO SUPPORT THE PROMOTION OF ROMANIA’S IMAGE AND INTERESTS, p. 165

Abstract - Founded at the end of 1917, the Anglo-Romanian Society in London had as main objective to inform the British public opinion about the legitimate claims of national unity of Romania and Romanians in the subjugated provinces. The society was part of illustrious personalities from the ecclesiastical, political, economic and literary British world. By means of some diplomats (A. W. A. Leeper, W. G. Tyrell, G.W. Prothero, A. Toynbee), Great Britain has known the national claims of Romania against which, with few changes, would maintain the same attitude to the treaties of peace that took place in Paris after the end of the First World War.
The British Delegation in Paris, led by the Prime Minister David Lloyd George, supported the most national claims of Romania, especially in regard to the territorial issues, but in some moments, it conditioned the recognition of the Unification Decisions during the year 1918, the satisfaction of some economic, political and social interests.
The British-Romanian bilateral relations have been affected during the interwar years by the changes recorded on the international political plan.
In general, the Romanian-British interwar relations have been good and have been maintained at this level throughout the whole period between the two World Wars. However, there were also moments of diplomatic indiference between the two countries, that have occurred mainly due to the conciliatoriste policy embraced by Great Britain and France as against the Nazi and Fascist aggression in Europe and beyond.

Keywords: interwar, diplomacy, Romania, Great Britain, politicians

Antonio FAUR, UNPUBLISHED DOCUMENTS REFERRING TO CROSSING THE BORDER FROM HUNGARY TO ROMANIA BY THE JEWS OF HUNGARY DURING THE MONTHS OF APRIL AND MAY 1944, p. 183

Abstract - Follow-up some researches, the author publishes a number of 30 unedited documents about the way how tens of Jews have been passed over the Horthy’s Hungarian border into Romania by the local guides, specifically inhabitants from the southern part of Bihor County. The result of such risky initiatives was to rescue these Jews from certain death. It is to be noted that in the documents we refer to, ( found at present in the funds of the Bihor County’s Department of the National Archives) the names of the Jews who reached Romania by crossing clandestinely the Hungarian-Romanian border as well some of their biographic data are recorded. Also, on their basis they can establish the “ways” through they have been guided to arrive in Romania, some names of those involved in this activity, the manner in which the border guards and the gendarmes acted. It is noted the tendency of most people succeeding in crossing the border turning to Arad, Timisoara, important centres where constitutions of Jews have functioned (as, for example, the rabbi of Arad), who tried the best to help those being in an extremely difficult situation. In general, these documents contain information about the tragic condition of the Jews in Hungary (on whom they applied, with hardness difficult to be understood, the “final solution"), in April-May 1944, the sequence of time which these documentary sources of great value refer to.

Keywords: Romania, Hungary, Jews, border, guide

Gabriel MOISA, WESTERN HISTORIANS AND TRANSYLVANIA 1965-1989, p. 187

Abstract - The considerations related to the themes and the epochs approached by the western historiographies are very interesting. Each has its own aspects and accents related to Transilvania. The reasons depend on the affinities and the researcher training, but also on the special interest of some states related through history to Transilvanian state, like Hungarian and German historiographies. Excepting Hungarian historiography that, in fact, does not belong to western research but must be mention because of objective reasons, the majority of studies regarding the Romanians are in English space.
This fact can be explained by the special material resources from there and by some spirits who knew how to come near Transilvanian and Romanians history and to devote themselves to Romanian problems. If we take into account only the last part of the XX century, we will have to mention, for their approaching and encouragement of Romanians, historians like Hugh Seton-Watson, Henry L. Roberts, Sherman D. Spector, Nicholas M. Nagy-Talavera, William O. Oldson, Barbara Jelavich, Charles Jelavich, Eric D. Tapee or Stephen Fischer-Galati. They created a real institutional system, institutions, and magazines, which ensure even today the continuity of the Romanian history’s research.

Keywords: Transylvania, historiography, western historians, politics, ideology
Politica de taxe a Departamentului de Istorie este de sprijinire a tinerilor care doresc să beneficieze de avantajele studiilor oferite de o universitate de stat, de aceea taxele noastre sunt printre cele mai reduse din Învăţământul superior din România:

STUDII DE LICENŢĂ: 2100 LEI/AN
STUDII DE MASTERAT: 2200 LEI/AN
STUDII DE DOCTORAT: 3500 LEI/AN
Competenţele generale dezvoltate în cadrul domeniului Istorie, conform MECT:
- profesori în învăţământul preuniversitar şi universitar
- funcţionari publici
- funcţionari de stat
- documentarişti
- asistenţi de cercetare
- cercetători
Absolvenţii noştri lucrează în: Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar, Serviciul Român de Informaţii, Ministerul de Interne (Poliţie, Poliţia de frontieră, Arhivele Naţionale, Poliţia locală etc.), Instituţii administrative publice locale şi judeţene, Mass-media, Instituţii muzeistice şi de cultură, Comerţ, Mediu de afaceri etc.
 Taxa de înscriere la concursul de admitere - 150 RON
 Taxa pentru contestaţii - 150 RON
 Taxa de înmatriculare - 50 RON
 Taxă procesare dosar
(pentru studenţi străini) - 150 Euro
2.4. Scutiri de taxe

Beneficiază de scutiri de taxe de înscriere la concursul de admitere – studii de licenţă urmatoarele categorii de candidaţi:
• orfanii de ambii părinţi;
• cei aflati în centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial;
• cei ai căror părinţi sunt angajaţi ai Universităţii din Oradea;
• cei care au părinţi cadre didactice (în conformitate cu Statutul cadrelor didactice);
având vârsta până la 25 ani.


Pentru candidaţii care solicită scutirea de taxe de admitere se va prezenta unul din următoarele documente:
• copii după certificate de deces ale părinţilor (în cazul celor orfani de ambii părinţi);
• adeverinţe de la Centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial (în cazul celor aflaţi în această situaţie);
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal didactic (în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal nedidactic încadrat în Universitatea din Oradea ( în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;

Candidaţii care se înscriu şi urmează două facultăţi vor prezenta originalul diplomei de bacalaureat la facultatea la care au fost admişi pe locurile subvenţionate de la buget, iar copia legalizată la cealaltă facultate, în termenul stabilit de fiecare facultate prin metodologiile proprii.
Doreşti să-ţi formezi abilităţi de comunicare şi o bază solidă în cariera profesională? Doreşti stabilitate şi siguranţă în ceea ce vei întreprinde în viaţă? Doreşti să înţelegi lumea din jurul tău, mesajele şi substratul evenimentelor care îţi marchează existenţa? Doreşti studii de calitate cu taxe accesibile sau chiar fără taxă, dacă esti cu adevărat pasionat şi cu rezultate anterioare bune? Doreşti să lucrezi în Administraţie, Serviciile de Informaţii, Mass-media, Mediu de afaceri sau chiar să diseminezi informaţiile acumulate în Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar? Doreşti să studiezi într-un oraş modern, aflat la Poarta Europei?
Dacă răspunsul la toate aceste întrebări este afirmativ atunci alătură-te marii familii a istoricilor din Universitatea din Oradea, înscriindu-te la Specializarea Istorie. Informaţiile despre admitere, viaţa studenţească precum şi răspunsurile la alte întrebări (ex. costul, durata studiilor, posibiltatea unor stagii la universităţi de prestigiu din Europa etc.) le găseşti pe http://istorieoradea.webgarden.ro/

Te aşteptăm!
Name
Email
Comment
Or visit this link or this one