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FACULTATEA DE ISTORIE, RELAŢII INTERNAŢIONALE, ŞTIINŢE POLITICE ŞI ŞTIINŢELE COMUNICĂRII

ANALELE
UNIVERSITĂŢII DIN ORADEA
ISTORIE – ARHEOLOGIE
TOM XVII
2007

CONTENT

Florin SFRENGEU, ASPECTS REGARDING THE DEMOGRAPHICAL SITUATION IN THE TISA’S FIELD (8TH AND 9TH CENTURIES). THE AVARS, SLAVS AND OTHER POPULATIONS, p. 7

Abstract - The present paper presents some aspects regarding the demographical situation in the Tisa’s field during the 8th and 9th centuries. This territory was ruled by the Avars, whose material culture was briefly written down. During this period, beside the Avars, in the frame of the army, the Byzantine sources are mentioning other populations, as: Bulgars, Slavs, Gepidae.
The hagiographic paper Miracula Sancti Demetrii permits a more realistic understanding of the demographical situation in the Avarian kaganat in the second half of the 7th century. We learn that the prisoners captived from the South Danubian provinces, colonized at the North of Danube, during a period of 60 years, combined themselves with the Bulgars and Avars as well as with other populations (Daco-Romans, Gepidae, Slavs, etc.) giving birth to a new generation of children becoming a great and numerous people.
They have kept their manner of life with the Roman habits, but they have especially preserved their Christian faith. The dramatic demographical decreasing in the Tisa’s field had been recorded as a result of the military campaigns organized by Carol the Great against the Avars at the beginning of the 19th century.



Adrian DUME, THE TURANIANS: TATARS AND CUMANS IN THE FRAME OF THE
ROYAL INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL POLITICS OF HUNGARY DURING THE MONARCH LADISLAU IV (1272-1290), p. 15

Abstract - After a brief introduction in the political life of the 13th century, this paper presents some aspects regarding the involving of the Cumans and Tatars in the external and internal politics of the Hungarian kingdom during the reign of the monarch Ladislau IV the Cuman. The paper emphasizes and interprets standards and events that have been tangentially broached by the Romanian historiography. Preponderant military forces, the Cumans and Tatars are presented on the top of their influence upon the Hungarian kingdom -, being in a close touch with the reign of a monarch who was a non-typical one for the Arpad’s dynasty.

Mihai GEORGIŢĂ, NEW EVIDENCES ABOUT THE PASHAS OF ORADEA, p. 29

Abstract - This study put into the scientific circulation the unpublished information about the pashas of Oradea, one decade after that the Bihor County has been changed into a Turkish pashalic. The information is sent by a spy of the prince of Transylvania, Mihai Apaffi, who was to be found in Thessalonica. Among other things, he informs us that Iusuf Pasha of Oradea became persona nongrata because of the numerous abuses and injustices he has done to the inhabitants of Debrecen and those of Oradea’s surroundings. That’s why, he was replaced by the Sultan with a new pasha, an older person. In this way, we can learn about the date the new pasha was named and, find that the police prefect Sahia, the Turkish inspector of the Transylvanian prince, had to mediate the misunderstandings between the Ottoman administration and the Transylvanian one.


Petru ARDELEAN, LA VIOLENCE DANS LA MONDE RURAL DE CRIŞANA DANS LA PREMIÈRE MOITIÉ DU XVIIIÈME SIÈCLE. LA VIOLENCE EN FAMILLE, p. 37

Résumé - Le sujet „la violence” est un sujet intéresant non seulement du point de vue historique, mais aussi sociologique, même si les historiens l’ont treité comme un problème contigue aux autres problèmes. La violence a été présente au nivau de chaque societé; sous une forme ou une autre, la violence est considerée comme un élément des anciennes societés, une problème de la societé médievale et dés la „civilisation” et la „modernisation” de l’homme, celui-ci (l’homme) a renoncé à la violence et l’a marginalisée.
On peut réaliser la division de la violence en catégorie sur deux plans: le premier inclut les violences légères (violences de language: outrages, malédictions, moquéries) et les violences graves (violences physiques: volées de coup); l’autre plan est representé par les violences familiales, communautaires, intra-comunautaires et en rélation avec les autorités.
Dans le cadre de chaque famille ont survenu à travers le temps les déviations comportamentales don’t les consèquences sont le résultat des causes profondes qui se retrouvent dans les conditions sociales, la situation matérielle ou la non-réalisation des besoins affectifs. Une importante source pour déterminer les causes qui ont conduit à la violence en famille sont les procés de divorce qui nous offrent une image bien claire de ce problème.
En passant en revue les periodes historiques, tout en observant le phénomène de „la violence”, on peut conclure qu’elle n’a pas disparu mais qu’elle est transmise dans la contemporanéité sous une forme ou autre.


Petre DIN, ASPECTS REGARDING THE TRANSYLVANIAN ROMANIANS’ MENTALITY IN 1848-1849 REVOLUTION, p. 47

Abstract - Imagologic and social imaginary studies have been a very debated subject lately. The frequency itself and the persistence of such researches emphasize the importance of the theme, which is obvious if we accept the idea that the historian searches the events granting them an interpretation according to his intellectual training and his overall vision on reality.
The innovating spirit brought by the events of December 1989 determined the orientation of the Romanian historical school towards a new historical – geographical direction – the school of mentalities, setting it free from the overwhelming ballast of the events, orienting it towards the man in the diversity of his manifestations. The New History (la Nouvelle historie) grouped around the magazine Les Annales, created in 1929 at Strasbourg, having important representatives such as: Lucien Fevre, Marc Bloch, Jaques Le Goff, Jean Delumeau etc., lent an overall dimension to the historical research, thus emphasizing the modalities through which the members of the formal societies perceived the world, life, history as well as the system of values which, in the end, marked the social and historical representations.
The persistence of the myth in modern times has been determined by the fact that the objective reality cannot protect the individual in front of illusion since every man “sees” especially the image which he or she brings with himself or herself. The symbolic thinking, an integrated part of the human being, appears before language and discursive thinking. It is always accompanied by the image and they both determine the birth of the myth. The conclusion of the last investigations in the mythological field emphasizes the idea that in times of economical, social and political crises, a symbolic way of thinking becomes activated again; this type of thinking appeals to a fundamental imagistic background.
The individual’s tendency toward symbols and myths can be interpreted as a reaction of self – defense, the amplification of archetypal images in the totality of the collective manifestations working some inevitable social changes. Thus, the primordial world recovered in the symbolic imaginary is much richer than the ideological symbolism of every historical moment and through its projection in the contemporaneity it way led to the progress of the civilization.


Tiberiu Horaţiu GORUN, ROMANIA’S MODERNIZING AND REVISING THE CONSTITUTION OF 1866, p. 59

Abstract - Valorizing the information and some points of view in the bibliograpghy concerning the present theme (especially, Eleodor Focşeneanu and Ion Marina’s works) but, particularly that in the Official Monitor of Romania, the author shows – from an actual perspective – all the further efforts until 1917 in order to improve the Constitution of 1866, succeeding in enclosing in its content – among so many other realities – the universal vote, too.
We can conclude that, in spite of some revisions of the Constitutin’s text that have been done, although it was incomplete and imperfect at the end of the World War I.


Vasile TODORICI, SOME CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE MANIFESTATIONS HAVING A NATIONAL – CULTURAL CHARACTER ABOUT THE GIRLS’ GREEK-CATHOLIC CIVIL SCHOOL IN BEIUŞ (1896-1918), p. 75

Abstract - The Girls’ Greek-Catholic Civil School in Beiuş was erected in 1896 through the contribution of Mihai Pavel bishop. This institution of culture has proposed itself to educate the young girls, both from a scientific point of view, and from a religious one.
They have also added the national feeling, the promotion of the Romanian language and literature, the national history, etc.
The Austrian-Hungarian authorities haven’t supported financially the Romanian institution; they have only followed to impose the Hungarian language, as a teaching language at the level of the above-mentioned institution.
The school girls, being sustained by their teachers, have developed a strong cultural activity being in the service of the national ideal and the natural rights of the Romanians in Transylvania.


Gabriel MOISA, THE ROMANIAN AUTHORITIES’ ACTIONS VS THE BOLSHEVIKS
LIVING IN ORADEA CITY AFTER 20 APRIL 1919, p. 85

Abstract - After that in April 1919 the Romanian army set free Oradea and Bihor County, here continued to exist sporadic disturbances reminding the unhappy events that have taken place in this part of the country. The prolongation of the communist regime in Budapest and, the fact that Oradea was found nearby the capital of Hungary, gave expression to the manifestation of the communist source currents with a certain intensity. But, these were thoroughly supervised by the military and urban authorities, thus, being kept under control. A lot of rumours, having one of the most baleful consequences for the moral condition of the Oradea’s inhabitants, were raging the town, being supported by the official characters, too and maintaining for many months after the town’s liberation from Bolsheviks, the spectre of coming back of the times that have just declined.


Monica POP, THE INTER WAR ROMANIAN SOCIETY IN THE VISION OF SOME BRITISH HISTORIANS, p. 95

Abstract - Among the most important British historians who wrote about the Romanian society during the interwar period we have to mention the names of Robert William Seton-Watson, Harold William Vazeille Temperley, Trevor J. Hope, E. D. Tappe, G. F. Cushing, Richard Clogg, Maurice Pearton, Dennis Deletant, Alex Drace-Francis, Vesna Goldworthy and others.
The above-mentioned historians have travelled through the Romanian space, met some of the leaders of the Romanian political and cultural life during the first half of the 20th century. In most cases, they have tried to make in their books, studies and articles a comparative presentation of the cultural and literary English-Romanian relationships opening in this way new perspectives to approach and to get a co operation of the two nations during the interwar period.


Radu ROMÎNAŞU, „ASTRA BIHARIEI” REVIEW. A MEAN OF CULTURE FOR THE CRIŞANA VILLAGES IN THE INTER WAR PERIOD, p. 101

Abstract - The new publication registered also the efforts of Ştefan Mărcuş, the president of the artistic section of Astra Bihor, for the activation of the propaganda for constituting the village choirs in each county village. For this action were proposed the priest, the teacher and the notary. Although the initiative started in year 1924 was materialized in year 1932 when in the county you could count 20 active village choirs.
Astra Bihor was financially sustained by the County School Committee which in the General Meeting in 1931 agreeded to a support of 30.000 lei for editing the newspaper.
For all that the review had a very short existence, the last number edited being the one on 15 th of May 1932. The cause of this disappearance consisted in the cessation summer time of the financial sources came from the School County Committee and from the Town Hall although the request of budgetary sustaining was submitted ever since the project stage of the newspaper.
Although it hadn’t the necessary time to impose its ideas in the inter-war review’s scenery, Astra Bihariei represented a welcomed apparition with lot of enthusiasm also by the intellectuals and by the Romanian rural world alike.
Unfortuntelly, this magazine was sacrificed because of a lack of financial founds. This fact didn’t stop it though, from serving the cultural movement initiated by the county’s partitions of Astra in the rural Romanian environment from the historic space, through out its all partitions.


Antonio FAUR, THE COUNTER-OFFENSIVE OF THE ROMANIAN AND SOVIET DIVISIONS FOR SETTING FREE BEIUS CITY AND THE WHOLE BIHOR COUNTY
(22ND SEPTEMBER – 12TH OCTOBER 1944), p. 107

Abstract - On the base of some published information and memoirs sources, the author reconstituted the military operations in the autumn of 1944 that had led, through the Romanian – Soviet military co-operation, to the liberation of the Bihor county and Oradea city. The spirit of sacrifice and the heroism of the Romanian soldiers motivated by the desire to set free the territory in the Western part of the country – temporary occupied by the enemy – has been evidenced.


Ion ZAINEA, THE WORLD WAR, EUROPE AND ROMANIA IN THE PORTUGUESE NOTES OF JOURNAL OF MIRCEA ELIADE (1941-1945), p. 113

Abstract - The beginning of the World War II finds Mircea Eliade in London, as a cultural secretary of the Romanian Embassy, where on 10th February 1941 he knows about his confirmation of the modest appointment as a press secretary of the Romanian Legislation from Lisbon. During his staying in Lisbon, Eliade kept a personnel journal without the intention to publish it as long as he was alive. The Journal begins with the day of 21st April 1941, two months after his arrival in the capital of Portugal, and it ends on 5th September 1945, a few days before his leaving to Paris.
Although, Eliade suggested himself not to do notices about the war, nevertheless he observes in his Journal many aspects and makes many interesting comments regarding the military and political events. He proceeds – it’s true – to a selection of them, depending on one essential criteria: the impact of the events upon Romania, his native country that he represents in Lisbon.
These are first observed as a Romanian and then as a European. He is interested by the fate of Europe from the two perspectives. Remarkable is the fact that Eliade intuited with an hour earlier before those who had the duty to do it the danger represented by the Soviets for the peace of the world and its post war organization. The readers of his Journal have now really the “surprise” to observe this thing.


Mihai D. DRECIN, THE SECOND POLITICAL PROCESS OF THE VICTOR JINGA GROUP (1959-1961), p. 133

Abstract - Victor Jinga, university professor and political peasant man, after a detention period in the communist prisons (1949-1954) will suffer a new political imprisonment between 1959 and 1961.
His arresting is ranged in the strong hand actions of the Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej regime revealed immediately after the withdrawing of the Soviet troops from Romania (the summer of 1958). On this way, Bucharest wanted to show to the “Eastern brother” that it is capable of a very safe keeping in its hand of the communist regime.
This time the Victor Jinga process implies 30 persons divided in three groups, the Jinga group comprising only 9 persons. The documents of the process contain no less than 24 files, eight times more numerous than those of the anterior process of 1949-1951.
After wandering through the political prisons from Braşov, Codlea, Văcăreşti and Jilava, the university man Victor Jinga, together with many other political prisoners, will be set free in 1963 in the conditions of a momentary liberalization of the regime.


Alina Maria MARCHIŞ, CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT THE ITALIAN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL LIFE REFLECTED IN THE PRESS OF THE “LEAD YEARS”, p. 139

Abstract - The period of the “lead years” is one of the most painful chapters of the ultracontemporary history of Italy. Although it does not represent pure reality, the Italian press of the `70s offers valuable information of the reality in those times. In the hereby work I developed the Italian elections as seen in the Italian press of the `70s. The image of the painful decade of the `70s, reflected in the Italian press, is of an insecure and restless world. Passing the law of divorce and of abortion in a catholic country is the proof of the fact that, during that period, Italy was undergoing a process of profound transformations, which resulted in a democratic gain of some individual liberties. The circumstances of presidential and pontifical elections succeeded themselves to shock the public opinion.



Ovidiu MUREŞAN, THE UNIVERSE OF THE FAST FOOD – A MILLENIAL HISTORY, p. 151

Abstract - Mc Donald’s, the oldest and the most prosperous company on the contemporary market of the restaurants of fast food type, celebrated in 2005 a half of century from its setting up. The first Mc Donald’s restaurant in Romania was inaugurated in the summer of 1995. We have to mention that the itinerant kitchens, pubs, eating houses and the refreshment bars with snacks of fast food type, are even of ancient old standing.
The most frequent of them were to be found in the classic Greece, China and the Roman Empire. These establishments were multiplied during the next historical ages, both in Europe and Asia, and on the American continent.
Today, the public houses of fast food type are a real social phenomenon, if we take into account the recent statistics that argue that more than a third of the population living in the developed countries has converted to this way of feeding.





















Yolanda AIXELÁ, FEMININE STRATEGIES IN MAGHREBIAN KINSHIP.
MOROCCAN WOMEN NEGOTIATING ARRANGED MARRIAGES, p. 163

Abstract - The negotiation of marriages by women underlines the use women make of kinship to reaffirm and extend their social network, since it demonstrates the mechanisms and strategies that they have activated in recent decades in order to obtain new quotas of power. This field study illustrates the appropriation by some women of a kinship that is adverse to their possible influence, such as the patrilineal kinship that visibilizes and favours male interests.
Marriages arranged by women may be a way of guaranteeing the continuity of the custom in the case of women with “absent” husbands, or a means of appropriating the social practices and mechanisms of power and authority that guarantee this action, while at the same time reaffirming themselves in their patrilineal reference groups. But whether it is in one sense or the other, women are appropriating certain responsibilities that previously belonged to the men in their group, despite the fact that, as we have seen, on some occasions the eldest sons may exert a certain influence on the decisions taken by the mother.
In any case, new times demand a review of feminine strategies in the kinship sphere, unencumbered by the burden of the concept of “patriarchy” or the implications of “patrilineal kinship”. This is necessary in order to observe with renewed interest the close relationship between kinship and gender construction in Morocco.
Politica de taxe a Departamentului de Istorie este de sprijinire a tinerilor care doresc să beneficieze de avantajele studiilor oferite de o universitate de stat, de aceea taxele noastre sunt printre cele mai reduse din Învăţământul superior din România:

STUDII DE LICENŢĂ: 2100 LEI/AN
STUDII DE MASTERAT: 2200 LEI/AN
STUDII DE DOCTORAT: 3500 LEI/AN
Competenţele generale dezvoltate în cadrul domeniului Istorie, conform MECT:
- profesori în învăţământul preuniversitar şi universitar
- funcţionari publici
- funcţionari de stat
- documentarişti
- asistenţi de cercetare
- cercetători
Absolvenţii noştri lucrează în: Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar, Serviciul Român de Informaţii, Ministerul de Interne (Poliţie, Poliţia de frontieră, Arhivele Naţionale, Poliţia locală etc.), Instituţii administrative publice locale şi judeţene, Mass-media, Instituţii muzeistice şi de cultură, Comerţ, Mediu de afaceri etc.
 Taxa de înscriere la concursul de admitere - 150 RON
 Taxa pentru contestaţii - 150 RON
 Taxa de înmatriculare - 50 RON
 Taxă procesare dosar
(pentru studenţi străini) - 150 Euro
2.4. Scutiri de taxe

Beneficiază de scutiri de taxe de înscriere la concursul de admitere – studii de licenţă urmatoarele categorii de candidaţi:
• orfanii de ambii părinţi;
• cei aflati în centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial;
• cei ai căror părinţi sunt angajaţi ai Universităţii din Oradea;
• cei care au părinţi cadre didactice (în conformitate cu Statutul cadrelor didactice);
având vârsta până la 25 ani.


Pentru candidaţii care solicită scutirea de taxe de admitere se va prezenta unul din următoarele documente:
• copii după certificate de deces ale părinţilor (în cazul celor orfani de ambii părinţi);
• adeverinţe de la Centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial (în cazul celor aflaţi în această situaţie);
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal didactic (în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal nedidactic încadrat în Universitatea din Oradea ( în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;

Candidaţii care se înscriu şi urmează două facultăţi vor prezenta originalul diplomei de bacalaureat la facultatea la care au fost admişi pe locurile subvenţionate de la buget, iar copia legalizată la cealaltă facultate, în termenul stabilit de fiecare facultate prin metodologiile proprii.
Doreşti să-ţi formezi abilităţi de comunicare şi o bază solidă în cariera profesională? Doreşti stabilitate şi siguranţă în ceea ce vei întreprinde în viaţă? Doreşti să înţelegi lumea din jurul tău, mesajele şi substratul evenimentelor care îţi marchează existenţa? Doreşti studii de calitate cu taxe accesibile sau chiar fără taxă, dacă esti cu adevărat pasionat şi cu rezultate anterioare bune? Doreşti să lucrezi în Administraţie, Serviciile de Informaţii, Mass-media, Mediu de afaceri sau chiar să diseminezi informaţiile acumulate în Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar? Doreşti să studiezi într-un oraş modern, aflat la Poarta Europei?
Dacă răspunsul la toate aceste întrebări este afirmativ atunci alătură-te marii familii a istoricilor din Universitatea din Oradea, înscriindu-te la Specializarea Istorie. Informaţiile despre admitere, viaţa studenţească precum şi răspunsurile la alte întrebări (ex. costul, durata studiilor, posibiltatea unor stagii la universităţi de prestigiu din Europa etc.) le găseşti pe http://istorieoradea.webgarden.ro/

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