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FACULTATEA DE ISTORIE, RELAŢII INTERNAŢIONALE, ŞTIINŢE POLITICE ŞI ŞTIINŢELE COMUNICĂRII

ANALELE
UNIVERSITĂŢII DIN ORADEA
ISTORIE – ARHEOLOGIE
TOM XVI
2006

CONTENT

Florin SFRENGEU, SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE BORDER PEOPLES FROM THE EASTERN PART OF THE HUNGARIAN KINGDOM ( THE SEKLERS, PECHENEGS, BÖSZÖRMEN), p. 5

Abstract - This paper presents some considerations on the peoples settled down by the Hungarian Kingdom, both on the Eastern border and on the others, as horsemen and frontier troops. During the 11th century, on the Western side of Crişana, the Seklers were placed on the Northern side of Oradea, between Tileagd and Săcuieni, the Pechenegs on the Southern side of Oradea, between Tinca and Salonta, and the Böszörmen on the Western side, the present-day Hungarian territory.
The most recent opinions refer to the Seklers’ Türk origin. Before the Hungarians came in the central part of Europe, the Seklers’ tribe had joined them living together and having the mission of a vanguard fighting. The Hungarian royalty settled down the Pecheneg frontier guards, either of those being already in Hungary or those colonized with that end in view, on the Southern part of Oradea. The naming of the locations come from the Latin form of the Pechenegs’ name, Bisseni, passed through the Hungarian way, Besenyö/Becenäk. The Böszörmen, of Turkish origin, are Muslim warrior groups who came in during the 10th century in the central part of Europe, the Volga river area. The Hajdúböszörmény typical toponym was preserved in Hungary, while the medieval location named Bazermen was to be found on the Romanian territory.


Mihai GEORGIŢĂ, ASPECTS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TRANSYLVANIAN CALVINIST AND ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY, p. 15

Abstract - The Calvinist proselytism politics as against the Transylvanian Orthodox Romanians continued under the reign of Mihai Apaffi too, sometimes even at the level of that promoted by the Rákóczi princes. Transylvania’s entering into the influence sphere of the Catholic Habsburgs’ dynasty in the last decade of the 17th century has determined a diminution of the Calvinism politics in the favour of the Catholicism one; but, in many cases the Calvinist church tried to maintain its own position in the manner of confessional propaganda between the Romanians.


BODO Edith, DIFFICULTIES TO PUT INTO OPERATION THE URBARIAL SETTLEMENT. REGISTERING THE SERF’S EVIDENCES, p. 25

Abstract - The nine questions, or in other words, the serf’s evidences are in fact the basis on which the whole urbarial settlement is put on. But different sources proved that the administration of Bihor county hadn’t respected entirely the central instructions.
With all these troubles, it’s for the first time when the peasants themselves have been asked and consulted about their fate, their relations with the domain master, as well about other circumstances that had influenced their life day by day.


Ioan CIORBA, TWO PRINTED WORKS IN THE FIRST PART OF THE 19th CENTURY CONCERNING THE CHOLERA CONTROL IN TRANSYLVANIA, p. 29

Abstract - On the basis of a great number of studies and searches, they demonstrated that the cholera had represented the most terrible calamity which affected Transylvania during the 19th century, following after the pestilence. Because of the ten thousand of victims, the authorities have deeply involved themselves in stopping its evolution by using all kinds of measures: one of the most remarkable of them was that of printing into Romanian several documents comprising advice for an efficient struggle against this disease. Our study is based on two such printed works full of advice and recommendations meant to keep the situation under control and remove the “evil”.


Emilia-Adina GALE, DRINKING HOUSE VS. CHURCH – PERSPECTIVE OF DRINKING HOUSE’S FREQUENTATION IN THE GRECO-CATHOLIC BISHOPRIC OF ORADEA
IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 19TH CENTURY, p. 51

Abstract - In the rural life, there are two very important public spaces: the church and the drinking house. Between these two, relations are establishing; they are satisfying different needs of the peasant, who can not leave without one or without the other. The frequentation of the drinking house answers for two big problems: this place has a good fellowship function and it is a form, more or less consciously, of resistance in the face of changes and ecclesiastic and laic authorities. Peasants do not go at the church like they use to.


APÁTI Tímea, THE FOUNDATION OF THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL
ASSOCIATION’S MUSEUM IN BIHOR COUNTY AND ORADEA, p. 63

Abstract - At the end of the 19th century, in Oradea, as in other provincial towns, the local cultural institutions were missing. The civil society from the town wanted to have an own theatre, a museum and a public library.
The Historical and Archaeological Association in Bihor county and Oradea founded in 1871 dealt with the museum’s case. From the beginning their aim was to collect and preserve the heritage from the past. Although in modest circumstances, but they succeed to gather a collection, and later on they rented a place for it. Its own collection developed and the extraordinary wealthy Ipolyi collection got into Oradea, so there was a need to build a separate museum building.
They managed to carry out the project with the help of the church, the town, the authorities, the inhabitants and the Association. The building was consigned on the 27th of June 1896 and the museum of the town was opened in it. There is a marble plaque at the decorated entrance of the building for those who elaborated this plan.


Mircea PAŞCA, HOUSES OF MINIMAL COMFORT IN ORADEA AT THE BIGINNING OF
THE 20th CENTURY, p. 77

Abstract - In the initial part of this article the author refers to the modest social categories living conditions in Oradea, at the beginning of the 20th century. After that, he gives several examples of building projects, enlightened during this time and destined to the inhabitants with modest means of subsistence: the Incze houses (in Olimpiadei present-day street), those ones in Universităţii (University) street, in 1 Decembrie (1st December) Square (building no.11) and Cetăţii (Fortress) Square. Also, they take into consideration the buildings in the Primăriei and Arany János street (no. 1).


Radu ROMÎNAŞU, THE CULTURAL ACTIVITY INITIATED BY THE GREAT REUNION “CELE TREI CRIŞURI” TO SET UP LIBRARIES IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY (1919-1940), p. 99

Abstract - The action of setting up village libraries on the Western border of the country has been noted in a national cultural context dominated by the enlightenment process initiated by the Romanian state after the moment 1918. Especially, they have followed the Romanian rural masses enlightenment, the illiteracy decreasing and the changing of the traditional mentality in accordance with the inter war period exigencies. The rural library had also a great importance in this direction being requested to put into circulation the national literature values; the elaboration of some brochures and books with different content (historical, geographical, literary, economic, religious, etc.) written in an accessible language for the Romanian peasant hasn’t been omitted. Being consistent in its action of setting up new popular libraries, the cultural Reunion knew how to materialize it all along its whole existence.
Until 1939, the Reunion has founded more over than 170 popular village libraries all along the Western border. So, we can conclude that the Reunion succeeded in organizing a network of popular libraries by means of which they could keep a permanent collaboration with the inhabitants of the rural places. With the help of the libraries, the inter war Romanian village in the Bihor county succeeded to integrate itself step by step in the historical process of raising the whole nation by culture, obtaining in this way many concrete results during the period between the two world conflagrations.


Mihai D. DRECIN, ABOUT THE CAPITAL AND THE CREDIT IN ORADEA AND THE INTER WAR BIHOR COUNTY IN AN UNPUBLISHED MONOGRAPHY OF THE COUNTY - ELABORATED IN 1938, p. 111

Abstract - By Mitiţă Constantinescu’s request, who was the Governor of the Romania’s National Bank (R.N.B.), Andrei Zănescu, the manager of the R.N.B.’s Branch in Oradea (1st of May 1936 – 31st of August 1939), elaborated The Monography of the Bihor County (180 pages in manuscript). Structured in seven chapters, the work offers us geographical, demographical and economical facts, the inhabitants’ standard of living, the activity of the R.N.B.’s Branch in Oradea.
We’ve focused upon the chapter entitled „Capital and Credit” (29 pages), the second, regarding the pages extension.
As a real professionist, the author analyses carefully the situation of the banking and cooperative systems in Oradea and Bihor County. The efforts of the most of the Romanians in the county to affirm themselves on the economic level in a free and democratic competition are permanently regarded in parallel with the economical force of the Jewish and Hungarian minority population. The Austrian–Hungarian inharitance was an outstanding chance for the minority tradesmen, manufacturers and money lenders who’d keep the control on the local economical life during the whole inter war period. The economist Andrei Zănescu shows the decreases in the Romanian banks and cooperatives’ activity concerning their intention to support the Romanian peasant, craftsman, tradesman and manufacturer’s affirmation. Therefore, he suggests answers for Bucharest to reprimand an economic program in the Romanian majority population’s favour.

Monica POP, THE ECONOMICAL AND POLITICAL STRATEGY OF GREAT BRITAIN VS ROMANIA (1938-1940), p. 121

Abstract - The evolution of the political and diplomatic relationships between Great Britain and Romania during the last two years of the decade can be divided into two periods: the first, from the very beginning of January 1938 until the middle of March 1939 and, the second from the middle of March 1939 to the end of August 1939. These relationships have been generally considered as being good. The Romanian government tried to develop the relationships between Romania and Great Britain in all ranges, but first of all in the economical one. In the summer of 1938 it took some measures in order to increase the trade with Great Britain trying to convince the English government about both the necessity of adopting firm measures to enlarge the English-Romanian trade and the Romanian-British economical cooperation.
At the beginning, the English government seemed to agree with the Romanian requests, but after that, the favourable attitude of the Chamberlain’s government as against the English-Romanian economical relationships was negatively influenced by its Münich policy.
A new radical change - in a favourable sense - of the attitude of the English governing circles, regarding the problem of developing the English-Romanian economical relationships, didn’t take place neither after the agreement from Münich nor the visit of Carol the IInd in England (November 1938).
Although, Carol’s visit in Great Britain marked an important moment in the history of the political and diplomatic relationships between Romania and Great Britain within the period from1938 to1940.


Antonio FAUR, AGAIN ABOUT THE FRENCH CONSUL GABRIEL RICHARD’S REMARKS AS REGARDING THE HUNGARIAN POPULAR UNION, p. 133

Abstract - In the Crisia annual (on the 1998 year), elaborated by the Ţării Crişurilor Museum, the author published a study concerning this matter. Several unpublished documents have been annexed to this study (a few documents from the Foreign Office Records of France) which haven’t been published from unknown reasons. In order to repair this manner of publication of a scientific material, now, all these documents (in original or translated) are destined to be issued. Moreover, they are prefaced by a resumption of the examination of the stated theme, from the perspective of passing 8 years over and, with new points of view, more analytical.

Ion ZAINEA, ECONOMIC SPECULATION AND SABOTAGE IN ORADEA AND BIHOR COUNTY (1947-1948), p. 149

Abstract - The economic speculation and sabotage, as they were interpreted by the communist law and authorities, in other words - the opposition against the measures which had been taken to lead the national economy -, have got greater and greater proportions becoming a mass phenomenon during the period of 1947-1948. Hiding products, buying and selling over the price, embezzlement from the collecting system, making bread and oil, slaughtering, transporting products from one place to another, all these without respecting the restrictive orders in vigour, false omissions or registrations in the files for the products evidence, not respecting the measures taken for checking the price, supplying with products without having licence, are just as many activities for those who arrived in front of the judge courts.
The poverty, because here they were speaking about the lack of the first necessity products, couldn’t be eradicated by the police means, not even by the more and more drastic punishments of the judge courts, suffocated by the lots of cases to be solved. The increasing of an insecure atmosphere, frightening and starving the population, but not the liquidation of the hard economic situation, were the only undoubted effects of the 351//1945 law.


Luís Reis TORGAL, PARTIDOS E MOVIMENTOS POLÍTICOS EM PORTUGAL NO SÉCULO XX

Abstract – Tratando-se esta comunicação de uma breve reflexão sobre os partidos e movimentos políticos em Portugal no século XX, talvez valha a pena salientar que o que vamos dizer no último ponto deste ensaio, referente ao período posterior a 25 de Abril de 1974, parte de um pressuposto diametralmente oposto àquele que se sente hoje na Roménia. Ou seja, verifica-se aqui uma clara e compreensível crítica à experiência comunista, que durou, sob a forma de “partido único” e de um regime comunista totalitário, cerca de quarenta anos, ao passo que em Portugal um sentimento idêntico foi experimentado sobretudo depois de 1974, não contra um regime comunista e sim contra um regime autoritário de direita, que se convencionou chamar de tipo “fascista”, o qual durou igualmente cerca de quarenta anos. Se foi a partir de um sistema comunista destruído que se formou a democracia romena, foi a partir de um sistema de tipo “fascista” — em decadência e com aparências liberais sob o governo de Marcello Caetano, depois de 1968, sem alterar em nada as estruturas básicas do Estado Novo de Salazar — que se veio a criar a democracia em Portugal.
A história de Portugal no século XX é, pois, marcada por uma longa “ditadura”, ou seja, mais correctamente, por um sistema político autoritarista, que durou cerca de quarenta anos. Esse sistema conheceu uma ideologia única que se objectivava num “partido único”, aparentemente de grande amplitude, a “União Nacional” (UN), cujo manifesto foi apresentado em 30 de Julho de 1930 pelo governo da Ditadura Militar (ou “Ditadura Nacional”), presidido pelo General Domingos Oliveira.


Clara Isabel Calheiros de Mello SERRANO, EUSKAL HERRIA: A SMALL CONTRIBUTION FOR THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE BASQUE NATIONALISM, p. 191

Abstract - The work Euskal Herria: A Small Contribution for the Understanding of the Basque Nationalism was elaborated in the scope of the History of the Modern Concept of Nation” Seminary, lead by Professor Fernando Catroga.
The subject chosen was meant to establish a connection between the Seminary and a region that is particularly fascinating due to its strong tradition – Euskal Herria.
This is a subject that is still current, more because of the consequences of terrorist acts than because of the causes and motivations that are in the origins of the Hussardo Ta Askatasuna (ETA).
Even though it is not a profound analysis, we believe it will contribute for a better understanding of the Basque problem and the consequences in the Spanish society, provoked by a conflict that seams never-ending.

Gabriel MOISA, HISTORY AND POLITICS IN ROMANIA UNDER CEAUSESCU SYSTEM. SOME CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT TRANSYLVANIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY, p. 205
Abstract - Talking about Transilvanian historiography, the main conclusion from the above analysis is related to the reality that the years 1944-1964 were, quantitatively, worst than the years 1965-1989, the number of historic titles that appeared in this period being extremely small compared to the next period.
The second conclusion is that the quantitative inferiority showed also in the whole Romanian historiography context is more obvious in the first period than in the second one, in each stage, the Transilvanian historic research suffering an evident discrimination compared to other Romanian spaces.
Communist period historiography is not enough examined yet. Today, at more than a decade from the events from 1989 December, there are three important works regarding this period’s historiography. The most complete of them remains, despite some defects, Vlad Georgescu’s paper “Politică si istorie. Cazul comunistilor români, 1944-1977”. We can also mention the important study of Şerban Papacostea, “Captive Clio. Romanian Historiography under Communist Rule”, published in 1996 in the London magazine “European History Quarterly”, in which the historian from Bucharest analyzed some punctual aspects of communist historiography accomplishments and the contribution of the historian from Iasi, Alexandru Zub, “Orizont inchis. Istoriografia română sub dictatura”, an excellent radiography of Romanian historiography in the past system epoch. Ketherine Verdery, in “Compromis si rezistenţă. Cultura română sub Ceauşescu”, also made an important analysis of Romanian historiography disputes in the communist regime years, emphasizing Transilvania’s history research.
Politica de taxe a Departamentului de Istorie este de sprijinire a tinerilor care doresc să beneficieze de avantajele studiilor oferite de o universitate de stat, de aceea taxele noastre sunt printre cele mai reduse din Învăţământul superior din România:

STUDII DE LICENŢĂ: 2100 LEI/AN
STUDII DE MASTERAT: 2200 LEI/AN
STUDII DE DOCTORAT: 3500 LEI/AN
Competenţele generale dezvoltate în cadrul domeniului Istorie, conform MECT:
- profesori în învăţământul preuniversitar şi universitar
- funcţionari publici
- funcţionari de stat
- documentarişti
- asistenţi de cercetare
- cercetători
Absolvenţii noştri lucrează în: Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar, Serviciul Român de Informaţii, Ministerul de Interne (Poliţie, Poliţia de frontieră, Arhivele Naţionale, Poliţia locală etc.), Instituţii administrative publice locale şi judeţene, Mass-media, Instituţii muzeistice şi de cultură, Comerţ, Mediu de afaceri etc.
 Taxa de înscriere la concursul de admitere - 150 RON
 Taxa pentru contestaţii - 150 RON
 Taxa de înmatriculare - 50 RON
 Taxă procesare dosar
(pentru studenţi străini) - 150 Euro
2.4. Scutiri de taxe

Beneficiază de scutiri de taxe de înscriere la concursul de admitere – studii de licenţă urmatoarele categorii de candidaţi:
• orfanii de ambii părinţi;
• cei aflati în centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial;
• cei ai căror părinţi sunt angajaţi ai Universităţii din Oradea;
• cei care au părinţi cadre didactice (în conformitate cu Statutul cadrelor didactice);
având vârsta până la 25 ani.


Pentru candidaţii care solicită scutirea de taxe de admitere se va prezenta unul din următoarele documente:
• copii după certificate de deces ale părinţilor (în cazul celor orfani de ambii părinţi);
• adeverinţe de la Centrele de plasament sau case de tip familial (în cazul celor aflaţi în această situaţie);
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal didactic (în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;
• adeverinţe din care să rezulte calitatea de personal nedidactic încadrat în Universitatea din Oradea ( în activitate, pensionat sau decedat ), a susţinătorilor legali;

Candidaţii care se înscriu şi urmează două facultăţi vor prezenta originalul diplomei de bacalaureat la facultatea la care au fost admişi pe locurile subvenţionate de la buget, iar copia legalizată la cealaltă facultate, în termenul stabilit de fiecare facultate prin metodologiile proprii.
Doreşti să-ţi formezi abilităţi de comunicare şi o bază solidă în cariera profesională? Doreşti stabilitate şi siguranţă în ceea ce vei întreprinde în viaţă? Doreşti să înţelegi lumea din jurul tău, mesajele şi substratul evenimentelor care îţi marchează existenţa? Doreşti studii de calitate cu taxe accesibile sau chiar fără taxă, dacă esti cu adevărat pasionat şi cu rezultate anterioare bune? Doreşti să lucrezi în Administraţie, Serviciile de Informaţii, Mass-media, Mediu de afaceri sau chiar să diseminezi informaţiile acumulate în Învăţământul universitar şi preuniversitar? Doreşti să studiezi într-un oraş modern, aflat la Poarta Europei?
Dacă răspunsul la toate aceste întrebări este afirmativ atunci alătură-te marii familii a istoricilor din Universitatea din Oradea, înscriindu-te la Specializarea Istorie. Informaţiile despre admitere, viaţa studenţească precum şi răspunsurile la alte întrebări (ex. costul, durata studiilor, posibiltatea unor stagii la universităţi de prestigiu din Europa etc.) le găseşti pe http://istorieoradea.webgarden.ro/

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